Scarabs, Scaraboids and Plaques from my collection
The inscription of this cowroid (steatite 1.5 cm) reads Neb Rahetep. Rahetep was a king of the Theban 17th Dyn. At this time in the Nile delta still the Hyksos ruled. See picture with reference in Petrie 1917. References: Petrie 1917, Pl. XXIII, H 1-6
This scarab (steatite 1.4 cm) depicts the name of Amenophis I: "Neb Amen Hetep" (king Amenophis) The lotus flowers above are a symbol of the Nile-Delta. Two protective Uraei-snakes are hanging down from them. The message would be: King Amenophis, defender of the Delta. Interestingly this king had to defend the Delta against invading Libyans in the first year of his reign. Maybe this scarab refers to a certain historical event. Pleases see picture with a reference scarab in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (bottom, right side). Reference: Petrie 1917, Pl. XXIV, 18-38 ("Amenhetep")
Sometimes a worn and chipped scarab can be very interesting. This one (faience 1.7 cm) was found in Israel. The inscription reads "Amenmesses", which without a doubt is a personal name. Petrie knows only one reference scarab with this name (see picture, bottom right side) Additionally it wears the royal title "Nesut Sa". (royal son) Petrie attributes this scarab to Amenmesses (or Amenmose) son of Thutmosis I and brother of Hatshepsut. Very little is known about this prince. Probably he served in his father's army and died at young age. Reference: Petrie 1917, Pl. XXIV, 51 Newberry Pl. XXVI, 34
This scarab (steatite 1.8 cm) was found in Israel. It doesn't look very spectacular but in fact it's probably the most interesting scarab in my collection. It depicts the throne name of queen Hatshepsut: Maat-Ka-Re. The name is flanked by a Nefer and an Ankh sign. Needless to say anything about this famous queen of the 18th Dyn. Scarabs of Hatshepsut are extremely rare. See picture with a similar scarab in Petrie 1917, Pl. XXV, 18.5, 15.